3 de febrero de 2012


La Guerra de Las Malvinas (English: Falklands War) was an armed conflict between Argentina and the United Kingdom held in the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and South Sandwich. The war took place between April 2, day of the Argentine landing on the islands, and June 14, 1982, the date of cessation of hostilities between Argentina and the United Kingdom of Great Britain, which led the reconquest of the three islands by the United Kingdom.

The cause was the struggle for sovereignty over these southern archipelagos, whose discovery is controversial, held alternately between Spain, France, Argentina and the United Kingdom (currently), Argentina considers that are occupied by an invading power and consider them as part of the province of Tierra del Fuego, Antartida e Islas del Atlántico Sur. 

After an invasion of the Falklands they also planned military invasion on islands Picton, Lennox and Nueva and others to attack the Cape Horn, which were part of regional discussions by Argentina and Chile. 

The final cost of the war in human lives was 649 Argentinian soldiers, 255 British and 3 civilians  islanders.

Politically, the defeat in the conflict in Argentina precipitated the fall of the military junta that ruled the country. In the UK, meanwhile, the victory in the confrontation helped the Conservative government of Margaret Thatcher to win reelection in 1983 election Later that  year it was possible to sign a treaty with Chile in 1984.

The consequences of the Falklands War were political, military and social. The Falklands War was the first modern naval conflict where they faced high-tech weapons. It was a confrontation between two Western nations, U.S. allies in the Cold War being waged at that time. Treaties were violated, there were excesses, there were parallel secret wars.

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